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Glossary - Work in pRogress

A-Z

Ableism

"A network of beliefs, processes and practices that produce a particular kind of self and body (the corporeal standard) that is projected as the perfect, species-typical and therefore essential and fully human. Disability, then, is cast as a diminished state of being human."

(p.44 in Campbell, Fiona A. 2001. Inciting Legal Fictions-Disability's Date with Ontology and the Ableist Body of the Law. Griffith Law Review, 10:42.)

Intersectionality

“Rooted in Black feminism and Critical Race Theory, intersectionality is a method and a disposition, a heuristic and analytic tool. In the 1989 landmark essay “Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics,” Kimberlé Crenshaw introduced the term to address the marginalization of Black women within not only antidiscrimination law but also in feminist and antiracist theory and politics.”

(p.303 in Carbado, D. W., Crenshaw, K. W., Mays, V. M., & Tomlinson, B. 2013. Intersectionality: Mapping the movements of a theory. Du Bois review: social science research on race, 10(2), pp. 303-312.)

Crenshaw elaborated that "Black women are sometimes excluded from feminist theory and antiracist policy discourse because both are predicated on a discrete set of experiences that often does not accurately reflect the interaction of race and gender. These problems of exclusion cannot be solved simply by including Black women within an already established analytical structure. Because the intersectional experience is greater than the sum of racism and sexism, any analysis that does not take intersectionality into account cannot sufficiently address the particular manner in which Black women are subordinated. Thus, for feminist theory and antiracist policy discourse to embrace the experiences and concerns of Black women, the entire framework that has been used as a basis for translating "women's experience" or "the Black experience" into concrete policy demands must be rethought and recast."

(p.139 in Crenshaw, Kimberlé (1989). Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: A black feminist critique of antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory and antiracist politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum, 1:8.)

Crenshaw herself later described intersectioanlity as: "a lens through which you can see where power comes and collides, where it interlocks and intersects. It’s not simply that there’s a race problem here, a gender problem here, and a class or LBGTQ problem there. Many times that framework erases what happens to people who are subject to all of these things."

(Kimberlé Crenshaw on Intersectionality, More than Two Decades Later. 08.06.2017)

Speciesism

"Speciesism [...] is a prejudice of attitude of bias toward the interests of members of one’s own species and against those of members of other species." (Singer, Peter. Animal liberation. 1975, p.6 ; Term coined by: Ryder, Richard. 1970.)

"Discrimination against or exploitation of certain animal species by human beings, based on an assumption of mankind's superiority." (Oxford English Dictionary)

Veganism

"A philosophy and way of living which seeks to exclude—as far as is possible and practicable—all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, animals for food, clothing or any other purpose; and by extension, promotes the development and use of animal-free alternatives for the benefit of humans, animals and the environment. In dietary terms it denotes the practice of dispensing with all products derived wholly or partly from animals."

(Defintion by the Vegan Society*) *please read this article on Elsie Shrigley - The Woman Behind the Word Veganism

 

 

White Fragility

"White Fragility is a state in which even a minimum amount of racial stress becomes intolerable, triggering a range of defensive moves. These moves include the outward display of emotions such as anger, fear, and guilt, and behaviors such as argumentation, silence, and leaving the stress-inducing situation. These behaviors, in turn, function to reinstate white racial equilibrium."

(DiAngelo, Robin. 2011. White fragility. The International Journal of Critical Pedagogy, 3:3, pp. 54.)